Country clocks often have a rather plain, but nicely proportioned Oak case, often with a flat top, but after the fashion came in to put horns on the top, often decorated with round wood or brass facings. The "caddy" top was used from tothen the fashion changed to the "pagoda" top, often with three ball and spire decorations screwed on right, left and centre.
This type of hood top carried on from right to the end of the brass dial period. Marquetry was used on top-end cases in London from to There are almost no provincial marquetry cases. Japanned, or Lacquered cases were fashionable from tosome Northern examples are around, but many were stripped back to the wood years ago, when our climate caused the finish to deteriorate badly.
Pendulums too have a time progression, to they had a thin wire rod with a small rounded bob, often plain lead.
Your clock has a name, trademark or signature on it. Great! It should be easy to look up the name and find out exactly when the clock was made, right? It's not always that easy. Although a name can be a good starting point for dating a clock, pinpointing the year it was made can still be difficult for a number of reasons. Clocks Magazine: The anniversary clock. Dating a longcase clock by Dennis Radage, Canada Download a of this article There are usually two key questions that always seem to be asked when presented with an antique clock. (veneered), brass dial, musical longcase clock. It has a 12in dial and the clock stands cm or in high (that's 8ft 5in), and the name on the dial is George Prior, London, figure 1. Most serious horological books will suggest that the name on the dial should be the last place to start dating a clock. There are lots of forgeries on theFile Size: KB.
From to the wire rod stayed, but the bob became flattened into a saucer shape, around four inches in diameter, often with a brass case.
The late ones to have a wide flat strip of iron instead of the wire rod, and the same four inch brass-faced bob. Sometimes the bob is cast iron with a decorative pattern, and painted gold or black. Lead weights were always used until C. Quality clocks had brass-cased lead weights. Cast Iron weights were used on nearly all painted dial clocks - - - a cast iron weight on a brass dial clock is not original.
A good reliable sign of an early clock is the half-hour marker between the big roman numerals being a cross with arrow heads. The base of the cross runs right down into the chapter ring edge.
Longcase clock dating
The same early clocks had the minutes numbered inside the minute band, and quite small C. From the minute ring is moved inwards on the chapter ring, and the numbers engraved outside the minute ring.
Dating the Antique Clock Hands. c - minute hands were introduced to longcase clocks. c - matching minute and hour hands were introduced; Although antique clocks were produced with only hour hands until around c - second hands began to be added to longcase clock dials. c - dots in the minute rings of brass dials were added. c How to Determine the Age of a Grandfather Clock. If you own a longcase clock, determining its age can tell you how much it is worth. English Longcase Dating Chart; Charles Edwin. Another date clue I have noticed during clock repairs is that any screws in an early movement ( to ) have square heads. After the screw heads are round, and the thread profile is better cut. From longcase clocks ceased being made in London, the clockmakers followed the demands of fashion, and made bracket, or shelf clocks.
Another clue - - - the minute number 5 had a short tail untilthis tail grew longer over time, by the tail almost curled right round to form a circle. Easier to see than describe, but unmistakable once you have seen it. A bit of detective work looking for all the clues, then taking them all together should enable you to have a very good idea of when your clock was made.
English Longcase This chart will give an approximate date for your painted dial longcase clock. Dating chart Compiled by Jon Kneebone. Feature. How To Date Painted Dial Longcase & Grandfather Clocks They are basically three style periods of painted clock dials however these are to be used as approximate guides as there are some exception that are known. Jan 24, Most Longcase clock gathering pallets that I have so far sen are approx 16 to 20mm long and have a tooth that engages with the rack as it rotates counter clock wise. Whart the other end or need for the other end of the gathering pallet is for I .
South in these notes means all the South of England, as far up as the South Midlands. North means Birmingham to Scotland. If you are thinking of buying a clock, these notes should help you to avoid some of the "altered" clocks, of which there are many - - - unscrupulous antique dealers used to put a good brass dial eight day movement in a nice Mahogany case to increase it's value. Unfortunately there are lots of these clocks around still, if you want a nice original clock you need to know what to look for.
I hope some of the features I have given here will help you make an informed choice of clock. Movement Pillars. No 1 An early period "finned" pillar, often used by London makers, and good provincial clockmakers.
Mar 22, Help to date English longcase clocks. Discussion in 'General Clock Discussions that are proposed to me by one reseller. At first they are looking quite authentic, but your opinion and approximate dating is highly appriciated. an old longcase clock may have lost its original case for one reason or another. But the movements, especially.
Dial Spandrels. These tend to be a better date guide than hands, which were often broken and replaced.
London, prevery rare on provincial clocks 2. First appeared C, peak use provinces. Often used by Thomas Thompion, but appears.
Very popular outside London to Can be seen on the early brass dial pictured above. A large spandrel, mainly used in Northern England.
Used in London fromand in the provinces. C to 7.
First appears in the provinces. As above 7 9. First known examplevery popular. First examplebut much used to Provincial pattern, to As above 12 Rococo pattern, used to Painted dial clocks appeared about toand after this the brass dial clock ceased to be made, again with just a few exceptions in rural areas, especially the far southern counties of England. The new painted dial was cheaper and easier to produce and easier to read by the poor light available at night, so the brass dial was dropped from production over a very brief period, for our purposes it is fair to say that no brass dial clock was made in the big clock making centers after It may be worth a mention here that the clocks we are talking about were no different apart from the dial itself; everything else remained the same in both cases, only the dial changed.
Fortunately the painted dials then followed a certain progression as the fashions slowly changed over time, this means that we can usually date a clock to the nearest five to ten years. White dials were first made in Birmingham, England in The first white dials from to were lovely, simply and sparingly decorated, and with much of the white background showing.
Decoration consisted of spandrels painted on in gold paint in the four corners, probably to resemble the cast brass spandrels fitted to brass dials.
How To Set Up An Antique Longcase Clock - Dials Antique Clocks, Lymington
Sometimes a swag of flowers or similar was painted on the dial face, but again very sparingly and restrained. The hands were made of steel, very fine, often blued or blacked and not exactly matching.
Help to date English longcase clocks
Another year indication of an early dial is the use of dots for the minutes with small Arabic numerals round the dial at 5, 10, 15 minutes etc. Two early painted dials, circa to From to aroun again the style of the dial changed slightly.
The minutes were usually dots, and not the lines inside two narrow concentric circles that we are used to, but often the minute numbers changed to the quarters only, instead of every five minutes. The missing numbers were often replaced with little symbols, often looking like stars. At this time it also became fashionable to use Arabic numerals for the hours instead of Roman numerals.
The painted background decoration is starting to spread out too; arched dials have a scene painted in the arch, often with a spray of flowers on each side. The corner painting is spreading a little too, and the imitation spandrels are now often geometric designs, or a fan shape, or a floral design, which fills the corner.
Two middle period dials with Arabic hour numbers. Circa to Now we come to the later clocks, of around to In the North of England after grandfather clocks gradually got bigger and bigger, until by the end of the period some of them were huge - - - the dials were often fifteen inches wide and the clocks were eight feet tall, sometimes nine feet or more.
Given the larger area of dial to be decorated the dial painters went to town, the corner paintings became little masterpieces in their own right, and the decoration spread from the corner right up the side of the dial circle, to meet the next corner painting, and so on.
Most of these clocks have an arched dial, and the artist painted in a large scene, often a biblical illustration, or a country scene, a nautical scene, a ruined abbey, or something ordered specially by the customer.
The hours have gone back to Roman numerals and stay that way; the hands are normally highly decorated brass and matching. These brass hands were used after for the rest of the period when grandfather clocks were made, in other words up topossibly in a few rare cases to If you own a longcase clock, determining its age can tell you how much it is worth.
Aftermost clocks were mass-produced by German and American manufacturers, effectively putting an end to the valuable custom-made grandfather clocks. English clockmakers crafted clocks with brass dials from about to Early brass-dial grandfather clocks had only one clock hand, since to clock owners, the hour of the day was more important than minutes.
Dating Antique Clocks by the Makers' Names
Bygrandfather clocks with two hands began showing up in England, even though outlying villages and country regions still had clockmakers crafting clocks with only the hour hand.
From throughbrass dials became more ornate and contained other features such as second hands, date hands and wheels.
Grandfather clocks with moon dials appeared in clocks made from through While individual features alone are not enough to determine the age of a grandfather clock, combining different elements such as its face, hands, spandrels - the ornamentation near the clock face - and movement pillars can lock in its age. Some clockmakers also signed their work, adding their initials or signature to the clock face, which narrows the clock's age to a specific period.
Because the hands of the clock often broke and were replaced, the detail work in the spandrel offers a better option for dating the clock. One of the first spandrels, dated at aroun had an angel's head in the center of a pair of wings. Gold spandrel corners date a grandfather clock to between and Roman numerals prevailed on clock faces made from approximately tobut you could also find Arabic numbers on grandfather clocks from as early as - though rare - through If a clock face contained the minutes 15, 30, 45 and 60, the grandfather clock was made from tobut though unusual, you could also find one made in Other number features include the minutes in increments of 5 to 60 on clocks made from to Untilgrandfather clocks were custom-made.
The wood that made up the longcase had to come from the trees of the region. The first clocks were primarily made from oak.