By becoming familiar with the dozen or so main variations of the Wedgwood mark and by knowing when each was in use, a collector can determine an approximate period of production of an object. A guide to trademarks is listed here and by careful study most collectors can acquire a reasonably sound knowledge. Determining the specific year of production of an item is somewhat more complicated, and this calls for close examination of a variety of other marks, such as three-letter date marks, registration marks, artists signatures or monograms and other devices. In addition to these, the style and method of production should be kept in mind as giving clues to dating. Dating Wedgwood can sometime be very difficult as apart from the Trademark there are also in some cases letters that accompany the marks to give a more accurate manufacture date and most old pieces have this second mark.
The Wedgwood company is a British pottery firm, originally founded by Josiah Wedgwood c, and possibly the most famous name ever associated with pottery. The original manufactory was a pioneer of new products such as those modelled by William Greatbachand those coloured with lead glazes developed by Josiah Wedgwood during his partnership with the Staffordshire potter Thomas whieldon.
It was widely copied and it exported all over Europe and the USA.
Wedgwood Marks Wedgwood Date Marks Information; Probably the first mark. Supposed to have been used by Josiah Wedgwood at Burslem to This is a very rare Wedgwood mark, used at the Bell Works to Used in varying sizes from to Wedgwood Marks - a quick guide for Jr and Basalt. WEDGWOOD: Any date; this mark has been used from the very start until about Wedgwood & Bentley, or W&B: Never on jr vases. W&B only on small pieces such as medallions. Wedgwood Marks An illustrated list of Wedgwood Marks presented in chronological order. An easy to use chronological list of Wedgwood marks to help the Wedgwood collector, who is faced with many imitators, to date genuine Wedgwood antiques. Fortunately for the collector, Josiah Wedgwood was the first potter of note to mark his goods with his own.
He founded the wedgwood company and many of his descendants were closely involved in the management of the company. Right down to the time of the merger with the Waterford Company.
In he perfected a tool for measuring heat in kilns. On the basis of his work Wedgwood was elected to the Royal Society in This was durable china formed with a mixture of flint and white clay.
Antique Wedgwood Pottery Antique Wedgwood History & Wedgwood Marks associated with Wedgwood Creamware, Jrware and other products. The Wedgwood company is a British pottery firm, originally founded by Josiah Wedgwood c, and possibly the most famous name ever associated with pottery. This rare mark used by Josiah Wedgwood II is found on lustre ware, basalts, rosso antico and Jr Ware pieces. Printed in red, blue or gold name-marks on porcelain (rare). c This printed mark appears on the stone china range manufactured between Impressed mark with the place 'ETRURIA' added. c EMILE LESSORE. Dating old pottery is difficult - especially one that has been in operation for over years such as Wedgwood. Manufacturers were not overly concerned about sticking to 'rules' and would interchange marks - using different marks at the same time and using old batches later in the production runs.
Queens Ware became an enormous success and spread the name of Wedgwood across all of Europe. Today Queens Ware is highly collectable and very affordable.
In Wedgwood developed a fine black porcelain called Black Basalt. With this fine-grained stoneware he was able to produce copies of the newly excavated Etruscan pottery from Italy.
The new innovation proved another huge commercial success. The surface was lustrous and smooth, with a purple-black sheen.
Wedgwood marks dating wedgwood pottery and porcelain
The third major innovation for which Wedgwood is remembered is Jr Ware, which has been described as the most important invention in the history of ceramics since the discovery of porcelain. It took Wedgwood years of experimentation to perfect his design for this unglazed stoneware with the uncanny ability to be both durable and delicate, and to take colours so evenly throughout its surface.
Apr 21, Wedgwood Marks Wedgwood Date Marks Information; Probably the first mark. Supposed to have been used by Josiah Wedgwood at Burslem to This is a very rare Wedgwood mark, used at the Bell Works to Used in varying sizes from to Oct 02, Josiah Wedgwood was a famous manufacturer of porcelain and earthenware. While many of his earlier works prior to may be unmarked, Josiah was the first potter of note to mark his wares with his own name, at a time when other potters were using easily forged marks such as the Sevres double L mark, the Meissen crossed swords mark, or the Chelsea . Nov 18, - An illustrated list of Wedgwood Marks presented in chronological order An easy to use chronological list of Wedgwood marks to help the Wedgwood collector, who is faced with many imitators, to date genuine Wedgwood antiques. Fortunately for the collector, Josiah Wedgwood was the first potter of note to mark his goods wi.
Jr can be almost any colour, although the most famous examples are are pale or dark blue and white. The new material was used in an astonishing array of objects, including, of all things, a grand piano. Jr Ware is also famous for the bas relief applied to the sides, often in imitation of classical Greek motifs.
Wedgwood : Before ; most likely This mark belongs to the usefulwares factory before Ornamental wares with this mark are always after The comma, or moustache mark, looks like two dashes arranged like a moustache, or single open and close quotes - see below for examples.
This appears to be a potter's mark, and belongs to the period ; perhaps a little later. It can also appear on later pieces, but other indications will help to place these pieces in the correct period.
Wedgwood is a line of porcelain and pottery produced by Josiah Wedgwood from about until his death in , and by his heirs thereafter. Although Josiah was the first prominent pottery maker to endorse each piece with a mark bearing his own name, knowing how to date Wedgwood is still quite tricky.
The first was inand is very rarely found. The second period was from about until the mid 's. It wasn't always added, so its absence is not significant.
A number of references talk about marks being impressed a letter at a time, and assign early dates on this basis; however marks often look like this because the clay has moved in firing and this is very difficult to determine. I am also aware of at least one example on which the mark was made up a letter at a time, but which certainly dates from aroun so it is dangerous to assign too much meaning to this. Likewise the "curved" mark, often seen where it doesn't exist because of movement of the clay during firing.
When items were made that were not destined for export, they were sometimes omitted, and other indications will confirm the later date.
These often have a catalogue number beginning BB, and usually have Bert Bentley's mark: a zero on a slope or on its side. Other small items are sometimes missing these dating indications, such as the Ernest Light basalt animals.
Size codes are found on some items, particularly tea wares, from about to These are always divisible by 6, and represent the number of items that went into the kiln on one tray. A size in inches, which would be diameter, height or length of the item, sometimes appears on jr and basalt items from around Eighteenth century cameos and intaglios sometimes have a number impressed on the back that refers to the catalogue, and can be matched with the catalogues reprinted in the references.
Introduction to Wedgwood Jasper Ware
This could be a number, such as 27; or a full catalogue reference, such as C. Shape numbers are often found inscribed on jr vases up until around ; they are also sometimes found impressed from about Various single letters, numbers and symbols are often found on pieces and indicated the potter or decorator, so his pieces could be counted and he could be paid for them.
These are not date marks and, with a few notable exceptions, have no meaning to us now. A three letter date code is sometimes found and starts in but is rarely found on jr or basalt items; it absence is not indicative of any date.
When present, the last letter indicates the year as in the following table.